An ultra marathon is defined as anything longer than a marathon, although many ultra runners would argue the distance starts at 50K and that timed events don’t count.
Ultra Marathon Training
- The Preparation
1. Enter and pay for your ultra. Give yourself at least three months to prepare. If you’ve already signed up for the race, that’s a great motivator.
2. Lose weight. For every pound you lose, you can gain about two minutes in an ultra (if you are lean, skip to the next step). Imagine running 50K while carrying a 10 to 20 pound weight. You can train harder without those extra pounds.
3. Do back-to-back long runs once a week. Estimate your time for finishing the ultra and build up to running those total hours over two days. You want to run the full distance (combining back-to-back days) at least three or four times before the race.
4. Practice your nutrition during training and find out what works best for you. Quick tip: Start drinking before you get thirsty.
5. Practice running efficiently, with as little wasted motion as possible. Try to keep your head as still as possible and raise your feet as little as necessary. However, if the trail is extremely technical, it may be necessary to raise your feet quite a bit to avoid stumbling and tripping. Try to always run quietly.
6. Find socks, clothes and shoes that you love for training and racing. You want to be comfortable. Buy multiple pairs, because you can be sure they will be discontinued.
7. Train on the terrain you’ll be racing. If it’s a hilly technical trail, train on hilly technical trails. If it’s a flat ultra on pavement, train on that at least some of the time. Do a 10K tempo run once a week at a faster pace. Run hills once a week to get strong.
The Last Minute Details
1. Get lots of sleep two nights before your ultra. You will not likely sleep well the night before, and it won’t matter if you got lots the night before that. Get everything organized the night before. You will sleep better.
2. Carb load.
3. Get there early. You will need to use the bathroom once or twice.
4. Hydrate before the run.
5. Keep calm and relaxed at the starting line. You’re not going to win the race, you just want to finish. Enjoy the moment.
1. Start slowly; it’s a long run. Start even more slowly than a marathon.
2. Walk steep hills, especially in the first half. Instead of running, power walk. You won’t lose much time, and you will conserve valuable energy for later.
3. Breathe. You should be using long, relaxed, deep breaths. If you are huffing and puffing, you are going too fast. Slow down, relax and breathe deeply.
4. If somebody passes you, let them go. Don’t race them. Odds are you may see them later.
5. Remember to eat and drink like you did in training.
6. Have a mantra. You will need it.
7. Don’t think about the whole distance. Run aid station to aid station. Walk through the aid stations. Chat with the volunteers. It will pick you up.
8. At some point, it’s going to start to hurt. This is the time to suck it up. After all, is there anything you would rather be doing on a great day like this?
Finally, remember this quote from Lance Armstrong: “Pain is temporary. Quitting lasts forever.”