We need to preserve historical buildings. These buildings tell us a lot about our heritage. They also have a lot of intrinsic values. There are numerous advantages to have historical buildings. Below is a list of why we should maintain old buildings.
- Retention of history.
- Aesthetics, craftsmanship, and art
- Increased commercial benefits.
- High-quality material
- Knowledge of our heritage
- Rehabilitation cost less than constructing a new building
- No energy used for demolition and creating a new building.
It is a tedious task to maintain all the historical buildings. All the structures and materials are very delicate; hence proper care should be taken to manage all the historical buildings.
How Did Historical Buildings Stay Fresh All Year Long?
In the 18th century, there was no air conditioning in the olden historical building. Hence, people designed all the buildings to remain warm during winter and cool during the summer season. Everyone was aware that they had to keep their homes fresh every day. In ancient Egypt, they used the courtyard to remain refreshing during the heat waves.
In the olden days, the historical buildings had a high ceiling. The high ceiling meant that the heat produced from the roof would only stay at the top of the room. The bottom part of the room would be relatively fresh compared to the top section.
Some historical buildings also use ceiling fans to maintain the temperature of the room. During summer, the fans would push the warm air upwards and push cold air downwards on to the people. During the winter, they would change the blades of the fans. Such that warm air was pushed downwards onto the people.
The best way to keep your room fresh without any air conditioning is to let fresh oxygen-rich air to flow through the room. It is where cross drafting comes into play. The most important design features of historical buildings are the cross draft. The buildings had multiple doors and windows to allow a cross-flow of air inside the room. The breeze would enter from one window and leave from the other. Numerous windows on all sides of the room meant that the wind would flow form all the directions.
We all know that the environment exposes all the historical building’s to very harsh conditions. If you visit any historical building, you will notice that most of the buildings used different materials. Most of the historical building used stones, brick, wood, and mortar. These materials had a high thermal mass played a significant role in the thermal insulation of the buildings.
When you enter into a stone building, you will feel the cooling effects present in the room. You will mostly see these effects in churches and temples. Some people preferred that historical building should use marbles. Marble is also a great conductor of heat; hence it keeps the room cold during summertime.
Historical Buildings: Massive Courtyard
Most of the historical building in ancient Rome had an enormous courtyard outside or inside the building. They planted a lot of trees and plants in the yard to help in the insulation of the house. The trees always provide the building with shade and protected it from heal. The plants gave fresh oxygen and a pleasant breeze for the people inside the premises.